« on: April 19, 2013, 11:13:28 AM »
But to compare a crop lens, crop sensor combo to a FF lens, FF sensor combo, there's no point in comparing two with different framing - otherwise you'd be arguing this 18-35 crop lens is a direct equivalent of a 16-35 FF lens on FF....
You are mixing two concepts that are unrelated.
If we talk about framing, then you're right. The smaller effective aperture is the reason why DoF is bigger on crop at a given aperture and angle of view (note that I didn't say focal length).
However, framing has nothing to do with light gathering. f-stops are a function of focal length, not angle of view. A 50mm is a 50mm on every camera. It's the angle of view that changes in relation to sensor size, not the focal length.
Another quote from Wikipedia:QuoteA 100 mm focal length f/4 lens has an entrance pupil diameter of 25 mm. A 200 mm focal length f/4 lens has an entrance pupil diameter of 50 mm. The 200 mm lens's entrance pupil is larger than that of the 100 mm lens, but given the same light transmission efficiency, both will produce the same illuminance at the focal plane when imaging a scene of a given luminance.
You can compare what you want, as long as you it correctly. The way you do it is the way you can compare angles of view. This is fine as long as you don't make the mistake to consider angle of view = focal length and to put this value into a f/stop calculation.
To exaggerate, is a 100mm f5.6 large format lens with its huge image circle the same as a 100mm f5.6 lens and its tiny image circle on a compact? Is it wrong to compare lenses which give the same framing? Surely from a photographers point of view, they're two very different lenses?
Focal length is what it is. You can mount an old Zeiss for Hasselblad lens on your Canon camera and the focal length will not change. It would give you the same framing of a 100mm Canon lens.
Wikipedia doesn't take into account imaging circle in that equation you're quoting. The aperture of a lens is a bit like working out the speed of water in a hose pipe. The imaging circle is a bit like the diameter of the pipe. Widen the pipe and keep the speed the same, you get more coming through.
More flow, but not more pressure. Same with light: you get more light coming in in total, but the amount of light / surface of the sensor would be the same. Any extra light that comes in will not affect exposure.
Or think about it like this - imagine a photo taken with a FF lens and a FF sensor. Now you take that same photo and you crop out just the centre 40% - you've taken away 60% of the image - which is also 60% of the light that passed through that FF lens. You're left with only 40% of the light. That's what crop does. You need a faster lens on crop to make it capture the same amount of light in that smaller area.
Same as above. A smaller sensor is actually a smaller mouth to feed. This is why you can have compact cameras with 1" sensor and f/1.8 lenses.