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Author Topic: Color Space: sRGB vs AdobeRGB  (Read 7019 times)

gunnar997

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Color Space: sRGB vs AdobeRGB
« on: October 20, 2012, 12:24:06 AM »
I shoot for my University Yearbook and the publishing company recently requested that we begin shooting in AdobeRGB color space. I don't really understand what the difference in the 2 is and why they would have us change it, not that is difficult to change back and forth. I was just curious if anyone may know why they requested this or if Adobe color space has an advantage or something over sRGB?
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Color Space: sRGB vs AdobeRGB
« on: October 20, 2012, 12:24:06 AM »

bow26

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Re: Color Space: sRGB vs AdobeRGB
« Reply #1 on: October 20, 2012, 01:50:07 AM »
From what I have read and heard, Adobe RGB has a bigger color range and it is better suited for printing when compared to sRGB. On the other hand, sRGB is optimize for screen and web usage.
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MarkII

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Re: Color Space: sRGB vs AdobeRGB
« Reply #2 on: October 20, 2012, 02:31:17 AM »
When you have (for example) a JPEG file, each pixel is characterised by 'red', 'green' and 'blue' numbers.

The colour-space defines how these numbers map to an actual colour - it is what allows you to determine that { 90, 90, 10 } represents a particular shade of 'burnt-yellow', for example. sRGB and AdobeRGB are just different ways of mapping those numbers to actual colours. AdobeRGB is a mapping that can encompassed a much broader range of colours - including colours that can not be represented in sRGB at all.

Every method you have for displaying your images will have some limitations on the colour space. For example, a printer may be limited by the ink colours that it has, and a monitor by the particular characteristics of its phosphor or LCD filters.

Generally, it is easier to display sRGB images - partly because the smaller range of colours means that more output format can show the image as you intended, and partly because for historical reasons sRGB is widely used. However, some output formats (or image processing software) may be able to use a broader range of colours than sRGB can represented - in which case using AdobeRGB is a better bet.

Note that if you shoot in RAW, the CR2 files have a colour space that is defined by the colour-filter array on the camera sensor - the broadest colour space possible, but specific to any given make/model of camera. However, when you process the RAW files you can choose to re-map this to sRGB, AdobeRGB or any other space that you choose.

JohanL

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Re: Color Space: sRGB vs AdobeRGB
« Reply #3 on: October 20, 2012, 03:49:44 AM »
Gunnar,

I am trying to attach an image that illustrates the difference. So if it does'nt work, I'm sorry.

JohanL

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Re: Color Space: sRGB vs AdobeRGB
« Reply #4 on: October 20, 2012, 03:59:48 AM »
It worked! Here are two more colour spaces for information:

JohanL

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Re: Color Space: sRGB vs AdobeRGB
« Reply #5 on: October 20, 2012, 04:05:17 AM »
Hmmmm! Did not work out the way I meant. Here is the other one:

Quasimodo

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Re: Color Space: sRGB vs AdobeRGB
« Reply #6 on: October 20, 2012, 05:17:25 AM »
When you have (for example) a JPEG file, each pixel is characterised by 'red', 'green' and 'blue' numbers.

The colour-space defines how these numbers map to an actual colour - it is what allows you to determine that { 90, 90, 10 } represents a particular shade of 'burnt-yellow', for example. sRGB and AdobeRGB are just different ways of mapping those numbers to actual colours. AdobeRGB is a mapping that can encompassed a much broader range of colours - including colours that can not be represented in sRGB at all.

Every method you have for displaying your images will have some limitations on the colour space. For example, a printer may be limited by the ink colours that it has, and a monitor by the particular characteristics of its phosphor or LCD filters.

Generally, it is easier to display sRGB images - partly because the smaller range of colours means that more output format can show the image as you intended, and partly because for historical reasons sRGB is widely used. However, some output formats (or image processing software) may be able to use a broader range of colours than sRGB can represented - in which case using AdobeRGB is a better bet.

Note that if you shoot in RAW, the CR2 files have a colour space that is defined by the colour-filter array on the camera sensor - the broadest colour space possible, but specific to any given make/model of camera. However, when you process the RAW files you can choose to re-map this to sRGB, AdobeRGB or any other space that you choose.

Interesting. I always shoot in Raw exclusively on my 5D II and 1Ds III (are there differrences on these two sensors in what type of color they can receive in Raw on the sensor?). My main question is this: Would it not make sense to always shoot in AdobeRGB? As I understand it, you can always change the colorspace in post-processing in program such as CS or Lightroom, thus giving you the best, and enabling you to use it the way you want, as opposed to the opposite where you shoot in sRGB because you wanted to produce for web, and then find out that you would like to do more with the picture (apart from the extra space the AdobeRGB takes, which is not relevant for me)?

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Re: Color Space: sRGB vs AdobeRGB
« Reply #6 on: October 20, 2012, 05:17:25 AM »

Spooky

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Re: Color Space: sRGB vs AdobeRGB
« Reply #7 on: October 20, 2012, 05:56:08 AM »
Shooting RAW gives you the full options in post so that gives you the most flexibility and future proofing options.

What is important to realise is that there is still only 255 steps between colours in either colour space (8bit jpeg), adobe rgb having more of a step between each colour. This is only important when you tweak the curves and potentially stretch and get banding in areas like sky. This is why capturing raw, converting to 16 bit depth and choosing srgb or adobe rgb to edit is best, choosing which one really depends on the final display (monitor or print).

Just my 2p!

Quasimodo

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Re: Color Space: sRGB vs AdobeRGB
« Reply #8 on: October 20, 2012, 06:34:37 AM »
Shooting RAW gives you the full options in post so that gives you the most flexibility and future proofing options.

What is important to realise is that there is still only 255 steps between colours in either colour space (8bit jpeg), adobe rgb having more of a step between each colour. This is only important when you tweak the curves and potentially stretch and get banding in areas like sky. This is why capturing raw, converting to 16 bit depth and choosing srgb or adobe rgb to edit is best, choosing which one really depends on the final display (monitor or print).

Just my 2p!

So are you saying that it does not matter if my cameras are set on sRGB or AdobeRGB, because I am shooting in Raw? and that everything can be fixed in post? While opposed to Jpg. where the setting on the camera is more limiting wheter you have your camera set on sRGB or AdobeRGB?
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PeterJ

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Re: Color Space: sRGB vs AdobeRGB
« Reply #9 on: October 20, 2012, 07:12:08 AM »
So are you saying that it does not matter if my cameras are set on sRGB or AdobeRGB, because I am shooting in Raw? and that everything can be fixed in post? While opposed to Jpg. where the setting on the camera is more limiting wheter you have your camera set on sRGB or AdobeRGB?
That's how it works, a raw file doesn't have a color profile as such and you can also fix white balance later with raw. When I say "as such" the camera can still embed the camera settings that applications like LR will use by default, but changing it later doesn't have any implications.

I guess the easy way to think of it is that raw is a capture of what the camera sensor has captured at that point in time and all that will ever be available even in a 100 years. Meanwhile in that 100 years monitors and printers will probably have progressed much further and today's gamuts will be considered obsolete.

Quasimodo

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Re: Color Space: sRGB vs AdobeRGB
« Reply #10 on: October 20, 2012, 09:34:23 AM »
So are you saying that it does not matter if my cameras are set on sRGB or AdobeRGB, because I am shooting in Raw? and that everything can be fixed in post? While opposed to Jpg. where the setting on the camera is more limiting wheter you have your camera set on sRGB or AdobeRGB?
That's how it works, a raw file doesn't have a color profile as such and you can also fix white balance later with raw. When I say "as such" the camera can still embed the camera settings that applications like LR will use by default, but changing it later doesn't have any implications.

I guess the easy way to think of it is that raw is a capture of what the camera sensor has captured at that point in time and all that will ever be available even in a 100 years. Meanwhile in that 100 years monitors and printers will probably have progressed much further and today's gamuts will be considered obsolete.

Thank you:)
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gunnar997

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Re: Color Space: sRGB vs AdobeRGB
« Reply #11 on: October 21, 2012, 01:24:17 AM »
Gunnar,

I am trying to attach an image that illustrates the difference. So if it does'nt work, I'm sorry.

i understand the 1st chart.. but what are 2nd and 3rd if you could expand a little more?

thank you everyone this helped very much!
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Re: Color Space: sRGB vs AdobeRGB
« Reply #12 on: October 21, 2012, 03:43:09 AM »
i understand the 1st chart.. but what are 2nd and 3rd if you could expand a little more?
On the charts Johan posted the D50/D65 is for different sources of illumination. Check out the following page, I'd probably just stick with the introduction and table down the bottom unless your math is a lot better than mine :D

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_illuminant

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Re: Color Space: sRGB vs AdobeRGB
« Reply #12 on: October 21, 2012, 03:43:09 AM »

gunnar997

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Re: Color Space: sRGB vs AdobeRGB
« Reply #13 on: October 21, 2012, 12:25:15 PM »
I also would like to know if there is a newer AdobeRGB color space than 1998? that is what LR3 has so i just wanted to be sure it is the most recent best version? cause 1998 seems rather old.
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PeterJ

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Re: Color Space: sRGB vs AdobeRGB
« Reply #14 on: October 22, 2012, 02:24:06 AM »
I also would like to know if there is a newer AdobeRGB color space than 1998? that is what LR3 has so i just wanted to be sure it is the most recent best version? cause 1998 seems rather old.
Just looked it's all that LR4.1 has, your question made me wonder but take a look at the reference here:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adobe_RGB_color_space

The AdobeRGB(1998) Specification, May 2005 (PDF). Seems they like to stick with the original release year even though there have been revisions since, although after a very quick look it looks like the revisions have only clarified things and not changed basic operation. Anyway don't forget it's dealing with changes in basic printing technology, I don't know a great deal about that area but can't remember reading about any amazing new processes any time recently. I'm guessing it was more about the era that digital typesetting became 'serious'.

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Re: Color Space: sRGB vs AdobeRGB
« Reply #14 on: October 22, 2012, 02:24:06 AM »