I thought it was a dog. Russian I believe.
The first astronaut was a monkey
You're absolutely correct, my bad
Laika, a Russian stray dog, was chosen as the occupant of the Soviet spacecraft Sputnik 2 that was launched into orbital
outer space on November 3, 1957. She died several hours into the flight.
Albert II, a Rhesus Monkey, became the first monkey in space on June 14, 1949, in a U.S.-launched V2, after the failure of the original Albert's mission on ascent. Albert I reached only 30–39 miles (48–63 km) altitude; Albert II reached about 83 miles (134 km). Albert II died on impact after a parachute failure.These were just suborbital
flights, though. The first animal to actually go into orbit was the dog Laika, launched on board the Soviet Sputnik 2 spacecraft on November 3, 1957. Unfortunately, Laika died during the flight.
On July 22, 1951, the Soviet Union launched the R-1 IIIA-1 flight, carrying the dogs Tsygan (Russian: Цыган, "Gypsy") and Dezik (Russian: Дезик) into space, but not into orbit
. These two dogs were the first living higher animals successfully recovered from a spaceflight.
Both space dogs survived the flight.
Miss Baker, a squirrel monkey, rode a medium-range ballistic missile into suborbital
space on May 28, 1959. She returned home safely from her flight into space and has been widely (and incorrectly) credited with being the first living creature to achieve that feat.
The first living higher
animals to survive orbital
flight were Soviet dogs Belka and Strelka, who survived an August 19, 1960 launch into space.
On January 31, 1961, Ham the Chimp was launched in a Mercury capsule aboard a Redstone rocket. His mission was Mercury-Redstone 2. The chimp had been trained to pull levers to receive rewards of banana pellets and avoid electric shocks. His flight demonstrated the ability to perform tasks during spaceflight. A little over 3 months later the United States sent Alan Shepard into space. Enos the chimp became the first chimpanzee in orbit
on November 29, 1961, in another Mercury capsule, an Atlas rocket, Mercury-Atlas 5.
Most of the above copied from Wikipedia.