October 21, 2014, 01:45:47 AM

Author Topic: Dynamic range Nikon/Sony vs Canon  (Read 15585 times)

Morlin

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Dynamic range Nikon/Sony vs Canon
« on: November 01, 2013, 06:11:09 AM »
Hi.

As most of you are aware of Nikon and Sony (I know that Sony manufacture sensors for Nikon) sensors are better when it comes to DR and so on compared to Canon. I have read DXO-tests and many others that verify that. But there seems to be a point at a ISO-value where the difference is not that big. Of course there is an advantage in mp also for the 36mp bodies but the resolution is not what I am thinking of now.

My main interest is wildlife photography and I am almost all the time above ISO 800 to get quicker shutter speed.
At an ISO-level of 800 and more is the advantage and quality still better with Nikon D800? 

I will soon spend a lot of money on a Canon 600mm and by purchase that lens I really commit myself to Canon. It would cost the same to go with a brand new D800 and their Nikon 600mm as only the Canon lens because of the big difference in cost. The Canon 600mm really is expensive!

So for you that have more knowledge than me.. Should I stay with Canon (5D mkiii and 7D) because the difference in DR at high ISO is not that big compared to the different brands at ISO 100 or is the image quality so much better overall for Nikon and Sony?

Testresults shows one thing but to use in real life under the circumstances can be so different.

My English is not the very best so no comments please  8)


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Dynamic range Nikon/Sony vs Canon
« on: November 01, 2013, 06:11:09 AM »

J.R.

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Re: Dynamic range Nikon/Sony vs Canon
« Reply #1 on: November 01, 2013, 06:38:10 AM »
At the risk of putting my hand in a beehive, I suggest you read this -

http://www.dxomark.com/Reviews/Which-lenses-should-you-choose-for-your-Canon-EOS-5D-Mark-III/Canon-EOS-5D-Mark-III-vs.-Nikon-D800-Competition-is-closer-than-expected

Given a very good lens with a Canon camera should give you some of the best IQ possible with a DSLR.

You are thinking about the 600mm f/4 II which is one of the best superteles available as of this moment.
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Rienzphotoz

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Re: Dynamic range Nikon/Sony vs Canon
« Reply #2 on: November 01, 2013, 07:32:01 AM »
I do not own the EF 600mm lens and nor have I ever tried one (but that could change during my vacation in Australia this December, as I plan to rent one) ... but I do use both Canon & Nikon cameras/lenses ... from my limited experience of trying Sigma 150-500mm OS lenses on  Canon 5D MK III & Nikon D800E, I could not find any difference in the RAW images (JPEGs were obviously different in the way the colors were displayed). I eventually chose to stick with Nikon D7100 for bird photography (due to the additional crop factor of 1.3 for more reach without losing too many megapixel) and 5D MK III for everything else.   
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duydaniel

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Re: Dynamic range Nikon/Sony vs Canon
« Reply #3 on: November 01, 2013, 07:43:38 AM »
These cameras have come a long way.
They are very close so that sensor IQ is the last thing you should worry about.
You just need to buy the lens you need, which camera fit your hand better etc

photonius

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Re: Dynamic range Nikon/Sony vs Canon
« Reply #4 on: November 01, 2013, 07:47:42 AM »
Hi.

As most of you are aware of Nikon and Sony (I know that Sony manufacture sensors for Nikon) sensors are better when it comes to DR and so on compared to Canon. I have read DXO-tests and many others that verify that. But there seems to be a point at a ISO-value where the difference is not that big. Of course there is an advantage in mp also for the 36mp bodies but the resolution is not what I am thinking of now.

My main interest is wildlife photography and I am almost all the time above ISO 800 to get quicker shutter speed.
At an ISO-level of 800 and more is the advantage and quality still better with Nikon D800? 

I will soon spend a lot of money on a Canon 600mm and by purchase that lens I really commit myself to Canon. It would cost the same to go with a brand new D800 and their Nikon 600mm as only the Canon lens because of the big difference in cost. The Canon 600mm really is expensive!

So for you that have more knowledge than me.. Should I stay with Canon (5D mkiii and 7D) because the difference in DR at high ISO is not that big compared to the different brands at ISO 100 or is the image quality so much better overall for Nikon and Sony?

Testresults shows one thing but to use in real life under the circumstances can be so different.

My English is not the very best so no comments please  8)

quite right, the DR advantage disappears at higher ISO when you look at the DXO mark tests.
Also, as pointed out, the DXO mark tests show you achieve better resolution with the Canon despite the smaller Nr of pixels, because each system is a composite of sensor resolution and lens resolution. So the Canon lens is better.
If you need higher pixel density, you can always hook up your 600mm lens to a 70D body

Sporgon

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Re: Dynamic range Nikon/Sony vs Canon
« Reply #5 on: November 01, 2013, 08:27:07 AM »

 I have read DXO


DXO are French. Explains everything.  ;)

neuroanatomist

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Re: Dynamic range Nikon/Sony vs Canon
« Reply #6 on: November 01, 2013, 08:30:41 AM »
quite right, the DR advantage disappears at higher ISO when you look at the DXO mark tests.
Also, as pointed out, the DXO mark tests show you achieve better resolution with the Canon despite the smaller Nr of pixels, because each system is a composite of sensor resolution and lens resolution. So the Canon lens is better.
If you need higher pixel density, you can always hook up your 600mm lens to a 70D body

+1 - as you can see in the screenshot below, the combination of the Canon 5DIII + 600/4L IS II delivers better sharpness and less chromatic aberration (CA) than the combination of the Nikon D800 + 600/4G ED VR.  (The fact that the Scores are the same despite the Canon combo being sharper and having less CA is a reflection of DxO's Biased Scores - abbreviated as BS for a reason.)

CA is the bane of many Nikon lenses, and their ED elements do not do as good a job of correcting it as Canon's fluorite elements.  I like how Nikon claims (or at least, implies) their ED glass is optically as good as fluorite, and is a better choice because fluorite is so fragile: "Nikon developed ED (Extra-low Dispersion) glass to enable the production of lenses that offer superior sharpness and color correction by minimizing chromatic aberration.  Put simply, chromatic aberration is a type of image and color dispersion that occurs when light rays of varying wavelengths pass through optical glass. In the past, correcting this problem for telephoto lenses required special optical elements that offer anomalous dispersion characteristics - specifically calcium fluoride crystals. However, fluorite easily cracks and is sensitive to temperature changes that can adversely affect focusing by altering the lens' refractive index."  However, they now say about their new 800/5.6 lens, "...front and second elements are fluorite (a lightweight mono-crystal optical material), which provides superior optical characteristics and reduced weight for balanced handling."  When they didn't use fluorite, it wasn't any better and was fragile - now, it's 'superior' and they are making a front element from it.  Apparently, consistency isn't Nikon's strong suit.

Despite the DxOMark data below, I honestly think that images from either combo will be basically indistinduishable from an IQ standpoint (but it's worth noting that the Canon teleconverters deliver better IQ than their Nikon counterparts).  Also, the 5DIII has a faster frame rate and arguably better autofocus, and the Canon 600/4 II is 2.5 lbs lighter than the Nikon 600/4.  I can shoot with my 1D X + 600/4L IS II combo handheld, and I couldn't with the Nikon combo.  That 2.5 lbs also makes a difference on a long walk/hike.  So, based on the frame rate and weight benefits, I'd say the Canon combo is the better choice.
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Re: Dynamic range Nikon/Sony vs Canon
« Reply #6 on: November 01, 2013, 08:30:41 AM »

sanj

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Re: Dynamic range Nikon/Sony vs Canon
« Reply #7 on: November 01, 2013, 08:49:01 AM »
Great explanation Neuro. Yet again!

Arctic Photo

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Re: Dynamic range Nikon/Sony vs Canon
« Reply #8 on: November 01, 2013, 09:50:36 AM »
a very simple and one-eyed explanation from Neuros side
this picture and 400mm lenses says something completely different
But the op asked about the 600mm.

J.R.

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Re: Dynamic range Nikon/Sony vs Canon
« Reply #9 on: November 01, 2013, 10:30:50 AM »
a very simple and one-eyed explanation from Neuros side
this picture and 400mm lenses says something completely different
But the op asked about the 600mm.

Talk about a one eyed explanation  ::) ::)
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neuroanatomist

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Re: Dynamic range Nikon/Sony vs Canon
« Reply #10 on: November 01, 2013, 10:40:52 AM »
A very  one-eyed explanation from Neuros side
this picture and 400mm lenses says something completely different regarding sharpness and CA

As pointed out by another member, the OP is asking about 600mm lenses, not 400mm lenses.  Also, your screenshot shows the Canon 400/2.8 II on the 1DsIII, not the 5DIII which the OP is asking about (and where it the sharpness is 3 P-Mpix higher) .  So either that's carelessness on your part, or you've intentionally added your own bias to that of DxOMark.

Why did you go down to 400mm lenses?  The next step down the line is 500mm.  Oh, wait - I know why you skipped the 500mm lenses...
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Re: Dynamic range Nikon/Sony vs Canon
« Reply #11 on: November 01, 2013, 10:50:53 AM »
CA is the bane of many Nikon lenses, and their ED elements do not do as good a job of correcting it as Canon's fluorite elements.  I like how Nikon claims (or at least, implies) their ED glass is optically as good as fluorite, and is a better choice because fluorite is so fragile: "Nikon developed ED (Extra-low Dispersion) glass to enable the production of lenses that offer superior sharpness and color correction by minimizing chromatic aberration.  Put simply, chromatic aberration is a type of image and color dispersion that occurs when light rays of varying wavelengths pass through optical glass. In the past, correcting this problem for telephoto lenses required special optical elements that offer anomalous dispersion characteristics - specifically calcium fluoride crystals. However, fluorite easily cracks and is sensitive to temperature changes that can adversely affect focusing by altering the lens' refractive index."  However, they now say about their new 800/5.6 lens, "...front and second elements are fluorite (a lightweight mono-crystal optical material), which provides superior optical characteristics and reduced weight for balanced handling."  When they didn't use fluorite, it wasn't any better and was fragile - now, it's 'superior' and they are making a front element from it.  Apparently, consistency isn't Nikon's strong suit.
That's hilarious, I didn't know that they used to claim it was too fragile to use, um well except for the 800mm.  ROTFL.

BozillaNZ

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Re: Dynamic range Nikon/Sony vs Canon
« Reply #12 on: November 05, 2013, 11:14:47 PM »
Meh, before they (Nikon) had D3, they tell users that FF is useless, DX is the future. Now?

Before they had the D800, they tell users that 12MP is all you need. Now?

It is THE photographic company that eats their words the most, I am not surprised about their attitude towards fluorite element.
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Re: Dynamic range Nikon/Sony vs Canon
« Reply #12 on: November 05, 2013, 11:14:47 PM »

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Re: Dynamic range Nikon/Sony vs Canon
« Reply #13 on: November 06, 2013, 09:26:47 AM »
Nikon > Canon for DR.

Now consider that 600LII will last several camera bodies. Will Nikon still be leading two or three generations down?

J.R.

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Re: Dynamic range Nikon/Sony vs Canon
« Reply #14 on: November 06, 2013, 10:15:00 AM »

Now consider that 600LII will last several camera bodies. Will Nikon still be leading two or three generations down?

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Re: Dynamic range Nikon/Sony vs Canon
« Reply #14 on: November 06, 2013, 10:15:00 AM »