My workflow (personal use) is:
1. upload from card reader to specific folder (eg 2013.11.04 - Event Title XYZ), each within a "year" folder (in each "year" folder there is also a folder with the same name (eg 2013) there the extravagantes images are copied (eg taken with the iPhone and not related to any particular event); if an event lasts more than one day, I prefer to still have single folder and the initial day is used for the name;
This. Oh my god, this. So many people I know just plug in a camera and let LR or whatever autodump files wherever. I don't know how anyone finds anything without a consistent naming structure. I do the Year->Location->Date format with a separate subfolder for portfolio images organized by style/subject. Then I can archive by year and everything is nice and organized.
Also, everyone should look into a USB 3.0 or PCI card reader if you don't already have one. It is so much faster than plugging in the camera. I don't think any Canon body supports USB 3.0 so, at least for now, a card reader is an order of magnitude faster for dumping files.
That said, my flow is thus for the bulk of my photos (wildlife, primarily):
Dump files from card reader to appropriately labelled folder
Go through them in Bridge, discard OOF/bad, Rate the decent/good
Determine which are worth working on
Copy those to a working RAW folder (I always preserve untouched .CR2's)
Open in DPP and zero out all presets
Fix WB and Crop
Export as TIFF
Open in PS
Denoise with Topaz Denoise
---This is why I zero out in DPP. Topaz works best on an unaltered RAW file and DPP allows it to get better results with less NR
Detail & Sharpen, Curves, Saturation, Cloning, etc until satisfied with final image
Save as TIF with Layers
Save for Web as large and small jpegs
This is just for photos I want to make look as good as possible. If they already look pretty great out of camera and I'm just gonna throw em up on facebook or something then I'll do edits in ACR or DPP and export as jpegs.