I bought a filter thread repair tool from microtools and first straighten the threads on the filter, and then use a filter wrench to remove the old one. A rubber band works for easy stuck threads, but I'd use a filter removal tool, also from microtools.
Once you gthe busted filter off, the filter thread repair tool will straighten it and pay for itself in one use.
HOWEVER, if it took a major hit, something in your lens may have been shifted, or even a gear or other part cracked. If its a expensive lens, let Canon go thru it and fix it up.