Yes and no. Your lines are in the wrong spot, but you can indeed "crop" the crop-sensor out of that full-frame sheet.
This chart is for a 35mm sensor. That's because the sensor is 36 x 24mm in size. The diagonal is sqrt(36²+24²) = around 43,26mm. The chart left side (0mm) means 0mm from the center of the sensor. Seen from the center of the sensor, the furthest away part of a full-frame sensor is half the diagonal away, or ~21.63mm. And that's exactly how far the chart goes.
Canon's crop sensor is 22,2 x 14,8mm in size. Diagonal 26,68mm. Half a diagonal 13,34mm. So you can set the fullframe line to the far right edge of the graph, and the crop sensor line at 13,34mm. To the left is the APS-C relevant performance.
Most or all lenses are sharpest in the center, and weakest at the farthest distances from the center (the corners of the image/sensor). Crop sensors crop away the edges, so they get a bigger benefit of the sharp center of EF lenses. Lenses that give soft corners for full-frame users may be sharp from corner to corner on a crop sensor. This is often referred to as the "sweet spot" effect.