Theoretically yes, but in practical use there are some problems. First, for every focal length, a different curved sensor would be needed to take full advantage of its benefits. Second, you probably would need to throw out every piece of glass you bought so far.
On the other hand, sensors are already in a state where there is little need for groundbraking improvements. The tech of a D800 or a alpha7 are are so good, that it is enough for the big majority of photographers. And part of the problems that such a sensor would solve, can also be solved with software (as Sony shows with their crapy kit lenses for the a6000.
Conclusion, nice tech, but my guess is, it won't be a future standard.